Engine Fundamentals

Why attend this learning programme?

This course covers the basic operation of the engine and its operating systems. Course delegates will gain an in-depth knowledge of the engine systems.

Who should attend?

This course is targeted for all earthmoving equipment mechanics, who want to increase their knowledge of engines for troubleshooting and maintenance purposes.

What are the course pre-requisites?

Course delegates must have a working knowledge of earthmoving equipment machines, and must be able to communicate at an NQF level 2: literacy and numeracy

What are learning outcomes?

Understand the basic operating principle of a four-stroke cycle diesel engine
Understand the basic cooling system operation and component function
Understand the operation of the lubrication system and component function
Understand the operation of the air intake and exhaust systems and component function
Understand the operation of the fuel system and component function
Understand how to conduct basic engine maintenance using a Maintenance interval sheet

Course Duration?

5 Days

What will you learn?

Day One:
Introduction to diesel engine fundamentals
Identification of major engine components and how they work together
A breakdown and explanation of the intake, compression, power and exhaust stroke
Introduction to the cooling system
Common types of cooling systems
Cooling system properties
Identification and function of major cooling system components

Day 2:
Introduction to the lubrication system
Identification of major lubrication components and functions
Operation of the lubrication system
Introduction to the air intake and exhaust system
Identification of the air intake and exhaust system types
Purpose of the air intake and exhaust system
Identification of the major components of the air intake and exhaust system

Day 3:
Introduction to the fuel system
Diesel fuel properties
Major component identification and function

Day 4:
Introduction to engine maintenance and purpose
Electrical system maintenance
Fuel system maintenance
Cooling system maintenance
Air intake and exhaust system maintenance
Lubrication system maintenance
Day 5:
Course consolidation

What is the preferred number of delegates per course?

For the best benefit to learners, we require a minimum of 6 delegates and a maximum of 20 delegates for the theory training.


Unit Std IDUnit Standard DescriptionNQF LevelNo of Credits
253440Assemble mechanical components212
243769Demonstrate knowledge of lubrication22
119750Inspect and lubricate an automotive system28
253582Lift and move a load using manual lifting equipment and tackle28
13219Maintain static seals in machines and / or equipment24
1162319Operate a pendant controlled overhead crane25
13258Participate in workgroup activities24
15123Select and use vehicle lifting equipment23
13220Keep the work area safe and productive28
260717Remove and fit automobile components212
119744Select, use and care for engineering measuring equipment24
12219Select, use and care for engineering power tool26
119463Access and use information from texts25
9008Identify, describe, compare, classify, explore shape and motion in 2- and 3- dimensional shapes in different contexts23
119454Maintain and adapt oral/signed communication25
119460Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes25
9007Work with a range of patterns and functions and solve problems25
119456Write/present for a defined context25
116932Operate a personal computer system23
244056Understand the fundamentals of engine technology24
243769Demonstrate knowledge of lubrication22
253425Repair internal combustion engines25